have a lot of fun with Hell. Jesus Christians find it a
great tool to keep their flocks in tow. It's a good word
for swearing.. According to popular wisdom Hell is a place
of torment where "sinners" spend eternity in
misery. Preachers speak of the extreme agony of our
bodies burning forever. It's a great image. But the reality of
hell is entirely different from its storybook aspects.
word Hell comes to us from the Old English where it means
The two words that are correctly translated Hell in the Bible
are Sheol(Hebrew) and Hades(Greek) The
Hebrew Old Testament, some 300 years before the Christian era,
was translated into Greek, but of the 64 instances where Sheol
occurs in the Hebrew, it is rendered Hades in the Greek 60
times, so that either word is the equivalent of the other.
But neither of these words is ever used in the Bible to signify
punishment after death,
The word Sheol means "the place of the dead." and
it has two meanings. (1) the place of the dead physical
body, the grave, and (2) the place of the dead soul,
the astral world.
The word Hades refers to the world of the dead in Greek myth.
Ancient writings say that the dead are ferried across the
River Styx by the boatman Charon. On the other side they
go either to the Elesian Fields or Tartarus. One is place
of delight, the other a place of suffering.
According to the Jewish Encyclopedia Sheol is the
place of the dead and it is divided into as many as five
sections, with varying degrees of pleasure and suffering.
The highest division in Sheol was known as the "Bosom of
Abraham." The worst was known as Gehenna or Tophet.
The New Testament speaks of Hell as being divided into two
parts (1)Paradise (Luke 16:22-23) and (2)Prison
(I Peter 4:18-19)
New Age teachings speak of the Astral World as being the
place where we go when we die or go to sleep.
we can conclude that Hell, Hades and Sheol are the same thing as
the Astral World. It is neither a place or punishment nor
reward but is the construct of our thoughts and feelings during
our physical life.
the New Testament is translated from one of
three Greek words:
1)`Gehenna' (Mt. 5:22, 29-30; 10:28; 18:9;
23:15, 33; Mk. 9:43, 45, 47; Lk. 12:5; Jas.
3:6). The name is derived from the Heb. geĆ(ben)(beneĆ)
hinnoµm, the Valley of (the son[s] of Hinnom, a
valley near Jerusalem (Jos. 15:8; 18:16), where
children were sacrificed by fire in connection
with pagan rites (2 Ki. 23:10; 2 Ch. 28:3; 33:6;
Je. 7:31; 32:35). Its original derivation is
obscure, but Hinnom is almost certainly the name
of a person. In later Jewish writings Gehenna
came to mean the place of punishment for sinners
(Assumption of Moses 10:10; 2 Esdras 7:36). It
was depicted as a place of unquenchable
fire—the general idea of fire to express the
divine judgment is found in the OT (Dt. 32:22;
Dn. 7:10). The rabbinic literature contains
various opinions as to who would suffer eternal
punishment. The ideas were widespread that the
sufferings of some would be terminated by
annihilation, or that the fires of Gehenna were
in some cases purgatorial (Rosh Hashanah
16b-17a; Baba MeziŐa 58b; Mishnah Eduyoth 2.
10). But those who held these doctrines also
taught the reality of eternal punishment for
certain classes of sinners. Both this literature
and the Apocryphal books affirm belief in an
eternal retribution (cf. Judith 16:17; Psalms of
2) Hadeµs , the region of departed
spirits (including the blessed dead). the
word etymologically meant the unseen (world),
but others feel it is derivation is from hadoµ,
signifying all–receiving. It corresponds to
"Sheol" in the Old .Testament.
The word is used four times in the Gospels,
and always by the Jesus, Matt. 11:23; 16:18;
Luke 10:15; 16:23.It is used with reference to
the soul of Jesus, Acts 2:27, 31. Jesus declares
that the gates of Hell shall not withstand
the Gospel, Matt. 15:19. Jesus(?) has the keys
of it, Rev. 1:18.In Rev. 6:8 it is personified,
with the signification of the temporary destiny
of the doomed; it is to give up those who are
therein, 20:13, and is to be cast into the lake
of fire, ver. 14.